Living/ Family Room areas
Now that you have learned about the basics of High Performance Lighting through our previous blog posts, you are now ready to learn how to install them in each area of your home. We will take a look into various rooms of the house, and how you can best apply HPL to your personal areas. (Actual installations may require more or fewer fixtures than recommended, depending on the room size, configuration and/or surface colors.)
The living/ family room is one of the most popular rooms of the home and requires different levels of lighting for various activities. The suggested lighting designs for the living room are intended to provide ambient illumination for general room use and circulation. Light levels should accommodate tasks such as watching TV, playing board games or operating gaming equipment. For reading or writing, portable lamps should be added to the interior design.
The three lighting approaches will provide illumination in the following ways:
- Direct Lighting- Direct Lighting designs provide simple, efficient direct illumination.
- Recessed Lighting- A soft and elegant pattern of lighting can be provided through the use of recessed downlights. This design can be greatly impacted by the hues of the room.
- Indirect Lighting- This design uses wall washers and coves to provide quality lighting and glare control. Wall wash lighting is ideal for making the room appear larger, while cove lighting gives a sense of greater ceiling height.
Below are five lighting design examples for family rooms, provided by the U.S. Department of Energy Guide for Residential High Performance Lighting.
To better understand any industry, it is always important to learn the lingo. For your convenience, we have complied a list of some popular lighting terms and definitions that we always find useful:
- CCT – Correlated color temperature
- CFL – Compact Flourescent Lamp
- Color Rendering – Ability of a light source to show all colors in a scene
- Color Temperature – An index for lamp light color in degrees Kelvin (K) that typically ranges from 1700K to 8000K
- CRI – Color Rendering Index (20-100)
- LED – Light Emitting Diode
- Light Color – Light that randes from warm (e.g., candlelight) to cool (e.g., flourescent grow light)
- Luminaire – Light fixture, including the lamp (bulb)
- Luminaire Efficacy – Total lumens emitted by the luminaire divided by the total watts drawn by the luminaire’s power supply
- SSL – Solid-State Lighting
What lighting terms have you come across recently?
Happy Halloween! In case you’ve been too busy carving pumpkins, sewing costumes or eating candy – here’s our weekly round up with all of our favorite social media highlights and posts. This week we looked into interior lighting designs, the future of housing renovations and one man’s creative way to recycle. Enjoy!
Inhabitat: Old Door Knobs designed into Van Gogh’s Starry Night
Are Housing Markets Improving?
Home Depot Fall 2012 Style Guide featuring Progress Lighting
High Performance Lighting Guide for the Home: Part 6
Houzz.com: Favorite Space
One of the most important parts of a High Performance Lighting (HPL) design is the selection of appropriate controls for lighting each room. Controls that are used for HPL are categorized into three types:
1) Use limiting: switches, occupancy sensors, timers and solar controls
2) Intensity lighting: dimmers
3) Programmed patterns of use: lighting management systems
The installations of use limiting controls are the least expensive and most commonly applied to residential applications. Every light has an on/off switch and some offer an occupancy sensor control feature. The most useful type of use limiting control is the manual on/automatic off setting that prevents light from staying on after occupants have left the room. Motion control settings are ideal for outdoor lighting applications, but may require sensitivity adjustments to prevent animals from triggering the light.
Intensity limiting controls are very useful in rooms that are used for various activities like in the dining room or living area. Dimmers give occupants the availability to adjust lighting for different activities such as formal dining or completing homework. Dimmers must be properly teamed with the fixtures they control.
Light management systems, which provide programmable controls, may be installed to control some or all of the lights in a home. Different lighting combinations may be preset for certain occasions or times of day. Some of the features of programmable controls are the availability to dim lighting, on/off controls, occupancy sensors, timers, temperature controls and daylight sensors. This system can be controlled from a wall mount or by remote.
Here are some examples of where to install these types of controls:
- Manual On/Off: Basement, Children’s bedrooms
- Automatic On/Off: Interior rooms with no daylight, exterior security lighting
- Timers: Garage
- Dimmers: Dining room, kitchen, family room, entryway
- Timers/Solar Control: Exterior lighting
Installations of these types of controls in your HPL home should result in energy savings over and above that of the more efficient lamps and luminaires. However, the amount of energy and cost savings are highly variable due to the homeowner’s pattern of use.
Recently, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) estimated that nearly one-quarter of all United States metros are improving housing markets. Altogether, there have been 80 metropolitan areas across 32 states that show measureable improvement.
In order to be considered for the First American Improving Markets Index (IMI), metro areas must have shown improvement in housing permits, employment and house prices for at least six consecutive months.
The interesting fact about the newest additions to the IMI is that the list includes metros across every region of the country, all which have distinctly different economic and employment characteristics. The one thing each metro area has in common is a tight lending environment for both builders and buyers, which drives their positive momentum.
There is a growing recognition among consumers that now is an opportune time to consider a home purchase as one-quarter of the U.S. metros are currently improving housing markets. Have you noticed any changes across your city?
Our friends at enLIGHTenment further explain this in their article, Statistics Point to Housing Growth in 80 Cities.
We hope everyone has had a great week! In case you were too busy to keep up with all of our social media highlights for the past few days, here’s our weekly round up. This week we were busy on our blog writing about new trends and tips for lighting your home. We’ve also included one of Houzz.com’s favorite photos of the day, what are your thoughts? Enjoy!
High Performance Lighting Designs
When installing HPL in any room of a home, it is important to change the lighting design in accordance with one of three packages: direct, recessed and indirect lighting. The designs include incorporating as much hard-wired fluorescent and LED lighting as possible, while still providing ambient, task and accent lighting (as described in HPL: Part 1).
Direct Lighting- This is the simplest design and in some respects the most efficient. Rooms with direct lighting are illuminated entirely by surface-mounted ceiling or wall fixtures. The most appropriate area for this design is in a laundry room, closet, garage or basement.
Recessed Lighting- This type of design is considered as another direct lighting application, as it floods the entire room with light. The main concern with this unshielded light source is glare. The most appropriate space for recessed lighting design is in the laundry room, closet, garage or basement.
Indirect Lighting- Indirect lighting applications are illuminated by concealed sources such as coves, valances, soffits and ceiling recessed wall washers. For example, the natural cove above kitchen cabinets where linear fluorescents can easily provide ambient lighting. The greatest advantage of this design is the “naturalness,” which is great for the living room or kitchen spaces.
Have you applied any of these HPL designs to your home?
Studies indicate that homeowners are planning remodeling projects on a greater scale for the first time in years. RemodelOrMove.com distributes an annual survey to 5,000 homeowners (with an average home value of $100,000) who are actively planning to remodel, but have yet to start their project.
This year the survey indicated that the vast majority of homeowners show three common trends:
- Increase in the scale of remodeling projects
- Increase in the average cost of the projects
- Increase in the average number of rooms that users plan to add or remodel
The remodeling industry has also noticed a growing preference for using luxury home products, as the average remodeling cost is now approximately $100,000. This is the most homeowners have spent since 2007, and 35% of respondents are reporting that the economy is not affecting their remodeling plans.
So what exactly are homeowners spending such large dollar amounts on? Kitchens have taken the lead as the No.1 remodeling project for the first time since 2008.
In previous years, the bathroom was the most popular renovation, which is probably a result of financial uncertainty, as remodeling a bathroom is seen as a necessity. The kitchen is perceived by homeowners to be a luxury renovation.
If you are considering remodeling your kitchen, here are a few lighting tips to help you out:
- Blend lighting types- The most effective lighting in a kitchen involves four layers blended together: task, ambient, accent and decorative lighting
- Decorative lighting should be considered in direct proportion to the size of your kitchen
- Install under cabinet lights towards the front the cabinet to prevent shadows
- If working on a budget, add a dimmer switch for a cheap way to provide various levels of light for different needs
What are some lighting tips you have successfully found in remodeling your kitchen?
Sources: http://www.remodeling.hw.net/remodeling-trends/the-return-of-luxury.aspx, http://www.familyhandyman.com/DIY-Projects/Lighting/Kitchen-Lighting/kitchen-lighting-tips/View-All, http://www.hgtv.com/kitchens/kitchen-lighting-design-tips/pictures/index.html
Who knew an app on your phone or tablet could assist you in finding the best way to illuminate your home while keeping the most energy and cost efficient options in mind?
The LightSmart app has recently been updated to provide consumers and lighting professionals expert advice at their fingertips through four different functions: Save, Find, Learn and Shop.
Save- Allows users to compare operating costs of different replacement bulbs and calculate the energy savings.
Find- Users have the availability to discover their preferred light color temperature and brightness by uploading photos from their own homes and adjusting the levels on their screen.
Learn- Provides technical information.
Shop- Users can locate the nearest American Lighting Association (ALA) showroom to get help from lighting professionals and purchase desired fixtures.
The LightSmart app is free and available for Apple and Android markets. Check it out!
Woohoo, Happy Friday! In case you missed out on our favorite social media highlights and posts for the past few days, here’s our weekly round up. This week we enjoyed reading about creative Halloween decorations and viewing some beautiful homes on Houzz.com. In addition, we included our new blog content on ways to be more efficient with your ceiling fan and our weekly guide to High Performance Lighting for the home. Enjoy!
Country Living: 15 Spooktacular Outdoor Halloween Decorations
Ceiling Fans: A simple solution for winter warmth and efficiency
High Performance Lighting Guide for the Home: Part 4
Houzz.com Photo of the Day